A brief about travel to Bhutan:
The Kingdom of Bhutan (also known as Bhutan) is a landlocked country located at the eastern end of the Himalayas in South East Asia. It is bordered to the north by China and to the rest by India. Bhutan is regarded as the last “Shangri-La” on earth. Because of its remoteness and isolation in the Himalayas, its spectacular mountain terrains, breathtaking and meandering hills and valleys of incredible natural beauty, fresh air, varied flora and fauna, unique and age-old tradition and culture, and friendly and warm people are the major attractions that draw travelers seeking adventures, experiences, touring, trekking, hiking and holidays. Travelers to Bhutan describe it as the “exotic and mystical” realm while they experience and witness for themselves why it’s also called the “The Land of the Thunder Dragon.”
Bhutan opened our door to tourism only in 1974 and right from the start Bhutan regulated the flow of tourist to the country by introducing high tariff in order to preserve its rich cultural heritage, unique national identity and pristine environment. Through its restricted tourism policy, Bhutan has emerged as one of the few unexplored tourist destinations and least traveled countries in the world.
Trongsa Penlop Ugyen Wangchuck who controlled the eastern and central region, overcame a decisive victory over his fiercest opponents and united the nation in the beginning of the 20th century. In 1907, a historic assembly of representatives of the monastic body, civil servants and the people unanimously elected Gongsar Ugyen Wangchuck as the first hereditary King of Bhutan. That ended the dual system of government established by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel. The First King Ugyen Wangchuck reigned till 1926, and was succeeded by his son, King Jigme Wangchuck, who ruled the kingdom till 1952. Those reigns were brought political stability and economic prosperity. The third King, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck (1925-1972) is considered the Father of modern Bhutan as he introduced the process of modernization and opened the country to the outside world by launching the planned development program in 1961 that brought dramatic changes to people and country. He also set kingdom’s footprint on the globe by making Bhutan a member of the United Nations. He also entered Bhutan into several international organizations. After his death in 1972, his son, the fourth King Jigme Singye Wangchuck, ascended the throne in 1974 at the age of 17 becoming the youngest monarch in the world. With strong emphasis on the well-being, the dynamic monarch dedicated himself to the policy of socio-economic development for the country without losing its ancestral traditions and cultural heritage. The 5th and the current reigning King (Druk Gyalpo) also known as the “People’s King” is Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (pictured on the right). He became King on 9 December 2006. A public coronation ceremony was held on 1 November 2008, an auspicious year that marked 100 years of monarchy in Bhutan.